Provincial governments have jurisdiction over the exploration, development, conservation, and management of non-renewable resources, as well as the generation and production of electricity.
Federal jurisdiction in energy is primarily concerned with regulation of inter-provincial and international trade and commerce, and the management of non-renewable resources on federal lands.
Its primary responsibilities include: In 1985, the federal government and the provincial governments in Alberta, British Columbia and Saskatchewan agreed to deregulate the prices of crude oil and natural gas.
Offshore oil Atlantic Canada is administered under joint federal and provincial responsibility in Nova Scotia and Newfoundland and Labrador.
Provincial regulation of oil and natural gas activities, pipelines, and distribution systems is administered by provincial utility boards.
Canada has access to almost all main sources of energy including oil and gas, coal, hydropower, biomass, solar, geothermal, wind, marine and nuclear.
It is the world's second largest producer of uranium, Some of Canada's energy resources are concentrated in areas of the country.
For example, the majority of Canada's fossil fuel resources are located in Alberta with smaller portions in Saskatchewan and offshore of Newfoundland and Labrador.While almost 50% of the hydropower for Canada is generated in Quebec.The United States is Canada's major trade market for energy products and services.Canada sends around 98% of its total energy exports to the United States, meaning that Canada is the largest supplier of energy exports to the world's largest economy.Canada also exports significant amounts of uranium and coal to Asia, Europe and Latin America.In Canada's federal system of government, jurisdiction over energy is divided between the federal and provincial and territorial governments.