A death anniversary is a custom observed in several Asian cultures including China, Georgia, Hong Kong, India, Iran, Israel, Japan, Bangladesh, Korea, Pakistan, Philippines, Russia, and Vietnam, as well as in other nations with significant overseas Chinese, Japanese, Jewish, Korean, and Vietnamese populations.
Death anniversaries are also commemorated in Judaism (the majority religion of Israel) where it is called by various names.
Celebration of mass in memory of a loved one on or near the anniversary of their death is also a key part of Roman Catholic tradition.
In China, a death anniversary is called jìchén (忌辰) or jìrì (忌日).
This type of ceremony dates back thousands of years in China (at least to the Shang Dynasty) and historically involved making sacrifices to the spirits of one's ancestors.
In Nepal and India, a death anniversary is known as shraadh.
The first death anniversary is called a barsy, coming in Nepalese and Indian, baras meaning year.
But in Bangladesh mainly Muslim peoples observe the day by praying for the soul of the deceased.
Shraadh means to give with devotion or to offer one's respect.
Shraadh is a ritual for expressing one's respectful feelings for the ancestors.
According to Nepali and Indian texts, a soul has to wander about in the various worlds after death and has to suffer a lot due to past karmas. Shraddhyaa Kriyate Yaa Saa: Shraadh is the ritual accomplished to satiate one's ancestors.
Shraadh is a private ceremony performed by the family members of the departed soul.