Hollands ("Hollandic"), West-Vlaams ("West Flemish"), Brabants ("Brabantian").
The Dutch language has been known under a variety of names.
It literarily means "the language of the common people", that is, the native Germanic language.
The term was used as opposed to Latin, the non-native language of writing and the Catholic Church.
Later, theudisca appeared also in the Oaths of Strasbourg (842) to refer to the Germanic (Rhenish Franconian) portion of the oath.
) is a West Germanic language that is spoken in the European Union by about 23 million people as a first language—including most of the population of the Netherlands and about sixty percent that of Belgium—and by another 5 million as a second language.
Old Dutch developed from Frankish, as it was spoken by the Salian Franks in the fifth century.
Middle Dutch began in the late 11th century with the proliferation of a Medieval Dutch literature.Modern Dutch began in the late 15th century when the first attempts for a Standard language were made.Despite the worldwide influence of the Dutch Empire, modern Dutch spread only moderately around the world from the 17th to mid-20th centuries.Outside of the Low Countries, it is the native language of the majority of the population of Suriname, and also holds official status in Aruba, Curaçao and Sint Maarten, which are constituent countries of the Kingdom of the Netherlands.Historical minorities on the verge of extinction remain in parts of France Dutch, like English, has not undergone the High German consonant shift, does not use Germanic umlaut as a grammatical marker, has largely abandoned the use of the subjunctive, and has levelled much of its morphology, including the case system.In both Belgium and the Netherlands, the native official name for Dutch is Nederlands, and its dialects have their own names, e.g.