(born Bradley Edward Manning; December 17, 1987) is a United States Army soldier who was convicted by court-martial in July 2013 of violations of the Espionage Act and other offenses, after disclosing to Wiki Leaks nearly three-quarters of a million classified or unclassified but sensitive military and diplomatic documents.Assigned in 2009 to an Army unit in Iraq as an intelligence analyst, Manning had access to classified databases.In early 2010, she leaked classified information to Wiki Leaks and confided this to Adrian Lamo, an online acquaintance.
The material included videos of the July 12, 2007 Baghdad airstrike, and the 2009 Granai airstrike in Afghanistan; 251,287 U. diplomatic cables; She was held at the Marine Corps Brig, Quantico in Virginia, from July 2010 to April 2011 under Prevention of Injury status—which entailed de facto solitary confinement and other restrictions that caused domestic and international concern—before being transferred to Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, where she could interact with other detainees.
Reaction to Manning's disclosures, arrest, and sentence was mixed.
Denver Nicks, one of her biographers, writes that the leaked material, particularly the diplomatic cables, was widely seen as a catalyst for the Arab Spring that began in December 2010, and that Manning was viewed as both a 21st-century Tiananmen Square Tank Man and an embittered traitor.
she was the second child of Susan Fox, originally from Wales, and Brian Manning, an American.
Brian had joined the United States Navy in 1974 at the age of 19, and served for five years as an intelligence analyst.
Brian met Susan in a local Woolworths while stationed in Wales at Cawdor Barracks. The couple returned to the United States in 1979, settling first in California.
After their move near Crescent, Oklahoma they bought a two-story house with an above-ground swimming pool and 5 acres (2 hectares) of land, where they kept pigs and chickens.
Manning's sister Casey, 11 years her senior, told the court-martial that both their parents were alcoholics, and that their mother had drunk continually while pregnant with Chelsea.
Captain David Moulton, a Navy psychiatrist, told the court that Manning's facial features showed signs of fetal alcohol syndrome.